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Amethyst
Amethyst

Ruby
Ruby



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Amethyst
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Ruby

Amethyst and Ruby Physical Properties

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1 Physical Properties
1.1 Tenacity
Not Available
Brittle
1.2 Solubility
insoluble in common solvents
Not Available
1.3 Durability
Not Available
Not Available
1.4 Specific Gravity
2.65
3.97-4.05
1.5 Fracture
Conchoidal, ConchoidalWalter Schumann, Gemstones of the world (2001)
Conchoidal
1.6 Cleavage
Indiscernible
No true cleavage
1.7 Mohs Hardness
7
9
1.8 Chemical Composition
SiO2
Al 2 O 3

Amethyst and Ruby Chemical Formula

While comparing Amethyst and Ruby physical properties, the important data you should know is its chemical composition. Since chemical formula defines the molecular structure of the crystal, most of the physical properties like color, tenacity, solubility are governed by Amethyst and Ruby chemical formula.

  • Chemical formula of Amethyst- SiO2
  • Chemical formula of Ruby- Al 2 O 3

Amethyst and Ruby Specific Gravity

Another important criteria for qualitative analysis of gemstones is Amethyst and Ruby Specific gravity. Specific gravity is the relative density of a gemstone compared with respect to density of water. Gemologists use Amethyst and Ruby Optical Properties during the identification of gemstone. Specific gravity of Amethyst is 3.97-4.05 whereas that of Ruby is 3.97-4.05.